1.1 What is a Topynym?

Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, You Claim It, You Name It, and explore the map.

Step 2: Open and read the map note located inside North America (in North Dakota).

  • Q1: Whom was North America named after?

Step 3: Open and read the map note located off the west coast of North America.

  • Q2: What is the language of origin?

Acquire: What is the toponymy of the East Coast?

Step 4: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select the Eastern Canada bookmark.

  • Q3: Which languages were used for place names? (Hint: turn on the Claims layer.)

Language, another cultural trait, also influenced these place names.

Step 5: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select East Coast.

Step 6: With the Details button underlined, click the button, Show Contents of Map (Content).

Step 7: Click the checkbox to the left of the layer name, Settlements – 1655.

Step 8: To display a legend, click on the layer name, Settlements – 1655.

  • Q4: Where were the French settlements concentrated?
  • Q5: Where were the English settlements?

Explore: What major migrations helped define California toponyms

Step 9: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select California-Local.

  • Q6: Which languages were used for place names?

Step 10: Turn on the layer, Missions.

  • Q7: Why did the Spanish build missions in California?
  • Q8: What spatial patterns do you notice?

Step 11: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select California-Regional.

Step 12: Turn on the layer, Mining Towns.

  • Q9: How were missions and mining settlements distributed?

Analyze: How does Trinidad’s toponymy compare to Canada and California?

Step 13: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select the West Indies bookmark.

Step 14: Open and read the map note near Cuba.

The reason why the area is called the West Indies is that Christopher Columbus thought he was in Asia.

Step 15: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select the Trinidad bookmark.

Step 16: Turn on the layer, Trinidad Toponyms. Click the layer name to display its legend.

  • Q10: What were the dominant languages used for Trinidad’s place names?

Act: What is the relationship between colonization and toponyms?

Step 17: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select the European Claims bookmark.

Step 18: Turn on the layer, Claims. Click the layer name to display the legend.

  • Q11: How are regional place names in the Americas tied to colonization?
  • Q12: Besides toponyms, colonization and these early claims affect religion, language, architecture, and more. True/False

License

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Human Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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